Glaucoma is a disease of the eye which exhibits a typical optic neuropathy which results in progressive visual field loss. The most important risk factor is raised intraocular pressure.
A few decades ago glaucoma was associated with blindness but with modern diagnostic modalities we can detect glaucoma at a very early stage and start treatment preventing visual damage. A patient suspected to have Glaucoma needs to get a number of tests.
Following diagnosis, there are several options available to treat Glaucoma: